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RecruitingLast updated: 30 November 2023

TUGETHER: This study is evaluating the effectiveness of targeted therapy (tucatinib) in combination with other cancer therapies (immunotherapy, targeted therapy and chemotherapy) in people with HER2-positive, metastatic breast cancer who have progressed on previous treatmentA Phase II, Two-arm, Non-comparative, Multicentre Study of Tucatinib (ONT-380), Pembrolizumab and Trastuzumab in Patients With Pre-treated Advanced HER2-positive Breast Cancer

Clinical summary

Summary

Eligible participants will be assigned to one of two experimental arms, depending on whether their disease is PD-L1 positive or PD-L1 negative.

Participants who are PD-L1 positive will receive targeted therapy (tucatinib + trastuzumab) plus immunotherapy (pembrolizumab).

Participants who are PD-L1 negative will receive targeted therapy (tucatinib + trastuzumab) plus immunotherapy (pembrolizumab) plus chemotherapy (capecitabine). Chemotherapy will be given to these participants as the researchers believe this will overcome the lower immunogenicity of the cohort.

In both groups, treatment cycles are 21 days. Tucatinib will be given orally twice daily, every day, at a dose of 300mg. Pembrolizumab will be administered at a dose of 200mg via intravenous infusion (IV) on Day 1 of each cycle. Trastuzumab will be given as a loading dose of 8mg/kg via IV (if loading is required, otherwise 6mg/kg) on day 1 followed by 6mg/kg on day 1 of each cycle. For those receiving chemotherapy, capecitabine will be given orally at a dose of 1000mg/m^2 twice daily on days 1-14 of each cycle.

Conditions

This trial is treating patients with advanced HER2-positive breast cancer

Cancer

Breast Cancers Breast

Age

People18+

Phase

II

Trial Acronym

TUGETHER

More information

Trial Identifiers

Use the hyperlinks, where available to access additional clinical trial information.

Trial sponsor

Breast Cancer Trials, Australia and New Zealand

Scientific Title

A Phase II, Two-arm, Non-comparative, Multicentre Study of Tucatinib (ONT-380), Pembrolizumab and Trastuzumab in Patients With Pre-treated Advanced HER2-positive Breast Cancer

Eligibility

Inclusion

Inclusion Criteria (Pre-Registration):

  1. Has provided written, informed consent to participate in the study.
  2. Female or male, age ≥ 18 years.
  3. Local histologically confirmed HER2-positive unresectable loco-regional or metastatic breast cancer. HER2-positive according to ASCO CAP 2018 guidelines defined as:

    1. ISH testing with ERBB2-amplification as demonstrated by ratio ERBB2/centromeres ≥ 2.0 or mean gene copy number ≥ 6 OR
    2. 3+ staining by IHC.
  4. FFPE tumour samples (preferably two blocks) available from newly obtained biopsies of advanced disease for assessment of PD-L1, TILs status and correlative research. If new biopsies are not obtainable then primary/metastatic archival biopsies (preferably two samples) from within 12 months of registration may be provided.
  5. Must have previously received taxane, trastuzumab, pertuzumab and an antibody-drug conjugate (ADC) in either the (neo) adjuvant or advanced disease setting. Any number of prior lines of anti-HER2 therapy is acceptable.
  6. Have progression of unresectable locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer during or after last systemic therapy (as confirmed by investigator), or be intolerant of last systemic therapy.
  7. Have a life expectancy of at least 6 months, in the opinion of the investigator.
  8. Women of childbearing potential (WOCBP) and men with partners of childbearing potential must agree to use a highly effective contraception from the signing of informed consent until 7 months after the last dose of protocol treatment.

    Note: Use of oral, injectable or implant hormonal contraceptives or medicated IUD must stop before registration.

  9. Willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study including undergoing treatment and scheduled visits and examinations during both the treatment and follow-up phases.

Inclusion Criteria (Registration):

In addition to the above listed pre-registration inclusion criteria, participants must fulfill all the following criteria before registration:

  1. Confirmed PD-L1 positive or PD-L1 negative status evaluated by IHC to determine treatment cohort. Note: the first 10 participants will be reviewed for PD-L1 positivity rates
  2. Have Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) Performance Status of 0 or 1.
  3. Have measurable disease assessable by RECIST v1.1.
  4. Must have one of the following (based on screening brain MRI):

    a) No evidence of brain metastases OR b) Untreated brain metastases not needing immediate local therapy. Participants with CNS measurable disease by RECIST 1.1 criteria, with or without measurable extracranial disease by RECIST are eligible. For participants with untreated CNS lesions > 2.0 cm on screening MRI, discussion with and approval from BCT and the Study Chair is required before registration OR c) Previously treated brain metastases: i) Brain metastases previously treated with local therapy may either be stable since treatment or may have progressed since prior local brain metastasis therapy, provided that there is no clinical indication for immediate re-treatment with local therapy in the opinion of the investigator.

    ii) Participants treated with CNS local therapy for newly identified lesions found on initial MRI performed during screening for this study may be eligible if the following criteria are met: (1) Time since whole brain radiation therapy (WBRT) is ≥ 21 days before registration, or (2) Time since stereotactic radiosurgery is ≥ 7 days before registration, or time since surgical resection is ≥ 28 days (3) Other sites of disease assessable by RECIST 1.1. are present.

  5. Relevant records of any CNS treatment must be available to allow for classification of target and non-target lesions.
  6. Have a left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) of ≥ 50% as assessed by echocardiogram (ECHO) or multiple-gated acquisition scan (MUGA) documented within 4 weeks before registration.
  7. Have adequate haematological, coagulation, hepatic and renal functions within 7 days before registration as defined as:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 10^9/L
    2. Platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L
    3. Haemoglobin ≥ 90 g/L
    4. Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or serum creatinine clearance > 40 mL/min by the Cockcroft-Gault formula or by 24-hour urine collection for determination of creatinine clearance:
    5. Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x institutional upper limit of normal (ULN). In the case of known Gilbert's disease, serum total bilirubin < 2 x ULN is allowed
    6. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 2.5 x institutional ULN unless liver metastases are present, in which case it must be ≤ 5 x ULN
    7. International normalised ratio (INR) and activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) ≤ 1.5 x ULN unless on medication known to alter INR and aPTT (Note: Warfarin and other coumarin derivatives are prohibited).
  8. Evidence of post-menopausal status, or negative urine or serum pregnancy test for female pre-menopausal participants. Women who have undergone surgical sterilisation (bilateral oophorectomy, bilateral salpingectomy/tubal ligation, or hysterectomy) do not require pregnancy testing. Women will be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months without an alternative medical cause. The following age-specific requirements apply:

    1. Women < 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal/non-fertile if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of exogenous hormonal treatments or chemotherapy (whichever is most recent) and if they have luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone levels in the post-menopausal range for the institution.
    2. b) Women ≥ 50 years of age would be considered post-menopausal if they have been amenorrhoeic for 12 months or more following cessation of all exogenous hormonal treatments, had radiation-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago, or had chemotherapy-induced menopause with last menses > 1 year ago.

Exclusion

Exclusion Criteria (Pre-Registration):

Any one of the following is regarded as a criterion for exclusion from pre-registration to the study:

  1. Previously treated with:

    1. Lapatinib within 12 months of registration OR
    2. Neratinib or afatinib within 12 months of registration, unless ceased due to toxicity and not progression.
  2. Prior anti-PD-1, anti-PD-L1/L2 or anti-CTLA4 therapy, including, but not limited to: pembrolizumab, nivolumab, atezolizumab, durvalumab, avelumab, ipilimumab, tremelimumab.
  3. Previous severe hypersensitivity reaction to treatment with TKI or monoclonal antibody that is biologically similar to the study treatments.
  4. Known or suspected leptomeningeal disease as documented by the investigator.
  5. Have poorly controlled (> 1/week) generalised or complex partial seizures, or manifest neurologic progression due to brain metastases despite CNS-directed therapy.
  6. History of clinically significant or uncontrolled cardiac disease, including congestive heart failure (New York Heart Association functional classification ≥ 3), angina, myocardial infarction or ventricular arrhythmia. Have known myocardial infarction or unstable angina within 6 months before registration.
  7. Active or history of autoimmune disease or immune deficiency, including but not limited to myasthenia gravis, myositis, autoimmune hepatitis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease, antiphospholipid antibody syndrome, Wegener granulomatosis, Sjögren's syndrome, Guillain-Barré syndrome, or multiple sclerosis, with the following exceptions:

    1. History of autoimmune-related hypothyroidism who are on thyroid-replacement hormone are eligible
    2. Stable diabetes mellitus are eligible
    3. Eczema, psoriasis, lichen simplex chronicus, or vitiligo with dermatologic manifestations only (e.g. patients with psoriatic arthritis are excluded) are eligible provided ALL the following conditions are met:

    i) Rash must cover < 10% of body surface area ii) Disease is well controlled at baseline and requires only low-potency topical corticosteroids iii) No occurrence of acute exacerbations of the underlying condition requiring psoralen plus ultraviolet A radiation, methotrexate, retinoids, biologic agents, oral calcineurin inhibitors, or high-potency or oral corticosteroids within the previous 12 months.

  8. Known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) (HIV1/2antibodies) or active Hepatitis B (HBsAg reactive) or Hepatitis C (HCV RNA [qualitative]).

    1. Participants with past hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection or resolved HBV infection (defined as having a negative HBsAg test and a positive antibody to hepatitis B core antigen antibody test) are eligible
    2. Participants positive for HCV antibody are eligible only if polymerase change reaction is negative for HCV RNA.
  9. Pregnant, breastfeeding or planning a pregnancy; lactating participants must stop breast feeding before registration.
  10. Require therapy with warfarin or other coumarin derivatives (non-coumarin anticoagulants are allowed).
  11. Unable to swallow pills or has significant gastrointestinal disease which would preclude the adequate oral absorption of medications.
  12. History of or active pneumonitis/interstitial lung disease requiring treatment with steroids.
  13. History of current active tuberculosis.
  14. Has had an allogenic tissue/solid organ transplant.
  15. History of uncontrolled hypertension (≥ 180/110), dyspnoea at rest, or chronic therapy with oxygen.
  16. Has a history or current evidence of any condition, therapy, or laboratory abnormality that might confound the results of the study, interfere with the participant's participation for the full duration of the study, or is not in the best interest of the participant to participate, in the opinion of the treating investigator.

Exclusion Criteria (Registration):

In addition to the above listed pre-registration exclusion criteria, any one of the following is regarded as a criterion for exclusion from registration to the study:

  1. Have received treatment with any systemic anti-cancer therapy (including hormonal therapy), non-CNS radiation or experimental agent within 28 days of registration, except for participants with ER-positive breast cancer.
  2. Have any toxicity related to prior cancer therapies that has not resolved to ≤ Grade 1, with the following exceptions:

    1. Alopecia
    2. Neuropathy, which must have resolved to ≤ Grade 2
    3. Menopausal symptoms.
  3. Any untreated brain lesions > 2.0 cm in size, unless discussed with BCT and Study Chair and approval for registration is given.
  4. Ongoing use of systemic corticosteroids for control of symptoms of brain metastases at a total daily dose of > 2 mg of dexamethasone (or equivalent). However, patients on a chronic stable dose of ≤ 2 mg total daily of dexamethasone (or equivalent) may be eligible with discussion and approval by BCT and the Study Chair.
  5. Any brain lesion thought to require immediate local therapy, including (but not limited to) a lesion in an anatomic site where increase in size or possible treatment-related oedema may pose risk to patient (e.g. brain stem lesions). Participants who undergo local treatment for such lesions identified by screening contrast brain MRI may still be eligible for the study based on criteria described under Registration Inclusion Criteria 4.
  6. Mean QT interval corrected for heart rate using Fridericia's formula (QTcF) ≥ 450 ms from a single ECG.
  7. Use of a strong CYP2C8 inhibitor within 5 half-lives of the inhibitor, or a strong CYP3A4 or CYP2C8 inducer within 5 days before the first dose of study treatment. Use of sensitive CYP3A substrates should be avoided 2 weeks before registration and during study treatment.
  8. Treatment with botanical preparations (e.g. herbal supplements) and traditional Chinese medicines, intended for general health support or to treat the disease under study, within 7 days before registration.
  9. Active infection requiring systemic therapy.
  10. Administration of a live/live attenuated vaccine within 30 days before registration.

Note: Seasonal influenza vaccines for injection are generally inactivated flu vaccines and are allowed, however intranasal influenza vaccines (e.g. FluMist®) are live attenuated vaccines and are not allowed.

Inclusion

  • You are able to swallow medication by mouth.
  • You have had a certain type of treatment or surgical procedure.
  • You have had treatment but your cancer has gotten worse or has not responded to the treatment you have been given.
  • Your cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.
  • Your cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.
  • but it is not possible to perform surgery to remove it.
  • Your cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Exclusion

  • You have certain types of non-cancer medical conditions.
  • You have had certain treatments, surgical procedures or drugs.
Message

Clinical trials have complex eligibility criteria.

Ask your doctor if this trial could be right for you.

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