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RecruitingLast updated: 6 October 2023

This study is recruiting people with newly diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma to assess whether treatment with a new cancer drug (called ONC201) following frontline radiation therapy will improve survival ratesONC201 for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant Diffuse Glioma Following Completion of Radiotherapy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study

Clinical summary


This study is recruiting people with H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma who have completed standard frontline radiation therapy to see if further treatment with a new drug (called ONC201) improves survival rates. 

Eligible participants will be randomly allocated to one of three study cohorts.

In Cohort 1, participants will receive ONC201 twice weekly.

In Cohort 2, participants will receive ONC201 once weekly.

In Cohort 3, participants will receive placebo capsules.


Brain and Spinal Cancers Brain and Spinal





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Trial Identifiers

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Trial sponsor


Scientific Title

ONC201 for the Treatment of Newly Diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant Diffuse Glioma Following Completion of Radiotherapy: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Multicenter Study



  1. Able to understand the study procedures and agree to participate in the study by providing written informed consent (by participant or legally authorized representative), and assent when applicable.
  2. Body weight ≥ 10 kg at time of randomization.
  3. Histologically diagnosed H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma (new diagnosis). Detection of a missense K27M mutation in any histone H3-encoding gene detected by testing of tumor tissue (immunohistochemistry [IHC] or next-generation sequencing [NGS] in a Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments [CLIA]-certified or equivalent laboratory). [Site to provide (as available): ≥ 10 unstained formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) slides from tumor tissue.]
  4. At least one, high-quality, contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain obtained prior to starting radiotherapy for submission to sponsor's imaging vendor for central read. For participants who had a surgical resection, this scan must be post-resection; for participants who did not have a resection, this scan may be pre- or post-biopsy.
  5. At least one, high-quality, contrast-enhanced MRI of the brain obtained 2 to 6 weeks after completion of frontline radiotherapy. [Site to also provide all available MRIs completed prior to initiating treatment with study intervention.]
  6. Completed standard frontline radiotherapy within 2 to 6 weeks prior to randomization. Standard frontline radiotherapy is defined as a dose of 54 to 60 Gy at 1.8 to 2.2 Gy/fraction. Radiotherapy must be initiated within 12 weeks from initial diagnosis of H3 K27M-mutant diffuse glioma and within 8 weeks of most recent surgical resection/biopsy.
  7. Karnofsky Performance Status or Lansky Performance Status ≥ 70 at time of randomization.
  8. Stable or decreasing dose of corticosteroids and anti-seizure medications for 7 days prior to randomization, if applicable. Stable steroid dose is defined as ≤ 2 mg/day increase (based on dexamethasone dose or equivalent dose of an alternative steroid).


  1. Primary spinal tumor.
  2. Diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG), defined as tumors with a pontine epicenter and diffuse involvement of the pons.
  3. Evidence of leptomeningeal spread of disease or cerebrospinal fluid dissemination.
  4. Any known concurrent malignancy.
  5. New lesion(s) outside of the radiation field.
  6. Received whole-brain radiotherapy.
  7. Received proton therapy for glioma.
  8. Use of any of the following treatments within the specified time periods prior to randomization:

    1. ONC201 or ONC206 at any time.
    2. Bevacizumab (includes biosimilars) at any time.
    3. Temozolomide within past 3 weeks.
    4. Tumor treating fields at any time.
    5. DRD2 antagonist within past 2 weeks.
    6. Any investigational therapy within past 4 weeks.
    7. Strong CYP3A4/5 inhibitors within 3 days.
    8. Strong CYP3A4/5 inducers (includes enzyme-inducing antiepileptic drugs) within 2 weeks.
  9. Laboratory test results meeting any of the following parameters within 2 weeks prior to randomization:

    1. Absolute neutrophil count < 1.0 × 109/L or platelets < 75 × 109/L.
    2. Total bilirubin > 1.5 × upper limit of normal (ULN) (participants with Gilbert's syndrome may be included with total bilirubin > 1.5 × ULN if direct bilirubin is ≤ 1.5 × ULN).
    3. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) or alanine aminotransferase (ALT) > 2.5 × ULN.
    4. Creatinine clearance ≤ 60 mL/min as calculated by the Cockcroft Gault equation (or estimated glomerular filtration rate < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2).
  10. QTc > 480 msec (based on mean from triplicate electrocardiograms) during screening.
  11. Known hypersensitivity to any excipients used in the study intervention formulation.
  12. Pregnant, breastfeeding, or planning to become pregnant while receiving study intervention or within 3 months after the last dose. Participants of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test within 72 hours prior to receiving the first dose of study intervention.
  13. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection requiring systemic therapy or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  14. Any other condition (eg, medical, psychiatric, or social) that, in the opinion of the investigator, may interfere with participant safety or the ability to complete the study according to the protocol.


  • You are able to swallow medication by mouth.
  • You have had a certain type of treatment or surgical procedure.


  • You have been diagnosed with a prior or secondary type of cancer.
  • You have certain types of non-cancer medical conditions.
  • You have had certain treatments, surgical procedures or drugs.

Clinical trials have complex eligibility criteria.

Ask your doctor if this trial could be right for you.

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