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RecruitingLast updated: 9 January 2024

ASCENT-03: This phase III study is comparing the effectiveness of targeted therapy (sacituzumab govitecan-hziy) with the physician's choice of chemotherapy (paclitaxel, nab-paclitaxel, or gemcitabine + carboplatin) in people with advanced or metastatic triple-negative breast cancerA Randomized, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of Sacituzumab Govitecan Versus Treatment of Physician's Choice in Patients With Previously Untreated, Locally Advanced, Inoperable or Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Whose Tumors Do Not Express PD-L1 or in Patients Previously Treated With Anti-PD-(L)1 Agents in the Early Setting Whose Tumors Do Express PD-L1

Clinical summary

Summary

This trial is for people with locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer who have not received pervious treatment for their advanced cancer, and whose cancer does not express programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1), or people previously treated with anti-programmed cell death (ligand or protein) 1 (Anti-PD-(L)1) Agents in the early setting whose cancers do express PD-L1. Eligible participants will be randomly allocated to either the Experimental Arm or the Active Comparator Arm. In the Experimental Arm, participants will receive Sacituzumab Govitecan-hziy (10mg/mg) intravenously on Days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle. In the Active Comparator Arm, participants will treatment of the physician's choice which will be determined prior to randomisation from 1 of the 3 following regiments: paclitaxel (90mg/m^2 on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle), nab-paclitaxel (100mg/m^2 on Days 1, 8 and 15 of a 28-day cycle), or gemcitabine (1000mg/m^2) + carboplatin (area under the curve (AUC) 2) on days 1 and 8 of a 21-day cycle.

Conditions

This trial is treating patients with triple-negative breast cancer

Cancer

Breast Cancers Breast

Age

People18+

Phase

III

Trial Acronym

ASCENT-03

More information

Trial Identifiers

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Trial sponsor

Gilead Sciences, Inc.

Scientific Title

A Randomized, Open-label, Phase 3 Study of Sacituzumab Govitecan Versus Treatment of Physician's Choice in Patients With Previously Untreated, Locally Advanced, Inoperable or Metastatic Triple-Negative Breast Cancer Whose Tumors Do Not Express PD-L1 or in Patients Previously Treated With Anti-PD-(L)1 Agents in the Early Setting Whose Tumors Do Express PD-L1

Eligibility

Inclusion

  • Individuals, regardless of race and ethnic group, with previously untreated locally advanced, inoperable or metastatic triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC)

    • Individuals whose tumors are programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1) negative at screening or individuals whose tumors are PD-L1 positive at screening if they have received an anti-PD-(L)1 inhibitor in the (neo) adjuvant setting or if they cannot be treated with a checkpoint inhibitor due to a comorbidity
    • Centrally confirmed TNBC and PD-L1 status on fresh or archival tissue
    • Individuals must have completed treatment for Stage I-III breast cancer, if indicated, and ≥ 6 months must have elapsed (with the exception of endocrine therapy) between completion of treatment with curative intent and first documented local or distant disease recurrence
    • Individuals presenting with de novo metastatic TNBC are eligible
  • Measurable disease based on computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in accordance with per Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) Version 1.1. as evaluated locally
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0 or 1
  • Demonstrates adequate organ function
  • Male individuals and female individuals of childbearing potential who engage in heterosexual intercourse must agree to use protocol-specified method(s) of contraception
  • Individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) must be on antiretroviral therapy (ART) and have a well-controlled HIV infection/disease

Exclusion

  • Positive serum pregnancy test or women who are lactating
  • Received systemic anticancer treatment within the previous 6 months or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to enrollment
  • Have not recovered from adverse events (AEs) due to a previously administered agent at the time study entry
  • May not be participating in a study with an investigational agent or investigational device within 4 weeks prior to randomization. Individuals participating in observational studies are eligible
  • Previously received topoisomerase 1 inhibitors or antibody drug conjugates containing a topoisomerase inhibitor
  • Active second malignancy
  • Active serious infection requiring antibiotics
  • Positive for HIV-1 or 2 with a history of Kaposi sarcoma and/or Multicentric Castleman Disease
  • Active hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection

Note: Other protocol defined Inclusion/Exclusion criteria may apply.

Inclusion

  • You have been diagnosed with cancer, but have not received any treatment.
  • You have had treatment but your cancer has gotten worse or has not responded to the treatment you have been given.
  • You have had treatment, but your cancer has come back.
  • Your cancer has not spread to other parts of the body.
  • Your cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Exclusion

  • You have been diagnosed with a prior or secondary type of cancer.
  • You have certain types of non-cancer medical conditions.
  • You have had certain treatments, surgical procedures or drugs.
  • You have previously been treated (or are currently being treated) on a clinical trial.
Message

Clinical trials have complex eligibility criteria.

Ask your doctor if this trial could be right for you.

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