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RecruitingLast updated: 5 February 2024

This phase I/II trial is evaluating how safe, tolerable and effective a new targeted therapy (APG-2575) is when combined with other treatment regimens (Pd or DRd) in people with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma and immunoglobin light chain amyloidosisA Phase Ib/II Open-Label Study of APG-2575 in Combination With Novel Therapeutic Regimens in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma and Immunoglobin Light Chain Amyloidosis

Clinical summary

Summary

This study has two arms, which are independent of each other, and each arm consists of dose escalation and dose expansion phases. In the dose escalation phase, APG-2575 will be administered at increasing doses until the recommended phase 2 dose (RP2D) is determined. In Arm 1, participants will receive APG-2575 in combination with Pomalidomide (4mg daily x 21 days) and dexamethasone (40mg for patients ≤ 75 years old or 20 mg for patients > 75 years old; on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of a repeated 28-day cycle). In Arm 2, participants will receive APG2575 in combination with Lenalidomide (25mg orally on Days 1-21 of each 28-day cycle), dexamethasone (40 mg [or 20 mg for patients > 75 years old] once weekly), and daratumumab (administered intravenously, 16mg/kg weekly in cycles 1 and 2 and then every 2 weeks in cycles 3-6 and every 4 weeks thereafter).

Conditions

This trial is treating patients with Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma and Immunoglobin Light Chain

Cancer

Blood Cancers Haematological

Age

People18+

Phase

I/II

More information

Trial Identifiers

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Trial sponsor

Ascentage Pharma Group Inc.

Scientific Title

A Phase Ib/II Open-Label Study of APG-2575 in Combination With Novel Therapeutic Regimens in Subjects With Relapsed or Refractory Multiple Myeloma and Immunoglobin Light Chain Amyloidosis

Eligibility

Inclusion

  1. ≥ 18 years of age
  2. MM patients (for Arm A and Arm B): Patients with Relapsed/Refractory MM per 2016 IMWG criteria, previously treated with at least 1 but not more than 4 prior lines of therapy for MM. Refractory MM, meanwhile, is defined as disease that progresses on salvage therapy or progresses within 60 days of the last treatment.

    AL amyloidosis patients (for Arm C ONLY): Patients with AL amyloidosis when meeting:

    i. histochemical diagnosis based on detection by polarizing microscopy of green birefringent material in Congo red-stained tissue specimens, the type must have been confirmed unequivocally.

    ii. have symptomatic organ involvement. Only purpura and/or carpal tunnel syndrome are not acceptable.

    iii. have at least one prior line of systemic therapy for AL. Patients who do not achieve at least a PR to frontline therapy in 3 months are eligible.

    iv. All MM/AL patients should have measurable disease of AL amyloidosis as defined by at least ONE of the following:

    • Serum monoclonal protein ≥1.0 g/dl by protein electrophoresis
    • >200 mg of monoclonal protein in the urine on 24-hour electrophoresis
    • Serum differential FLC concentration (dFLC, difference between amyloid forming [involved] and nonamyloid forming [uninvolved] free light chain [FLC]) > 5 mg/dL; OR serum FLC of 7.5 mg/dL provided the κ/λ FLC ratio is abnormal (κ/λ <0.26 for patients with monoclonal λ FLC, κ/λ >1.65 for patients with monoclonal κ FLC).
  3. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤ 2
  4. Life expectancy ≥ 6 months
  5. Adequate hematologic function defined as:

    1. ANC ≥1.0 x 10^9/L independent of growth factor support within 7 days of the first dose with study drug
    2. Hemoglobin ≥8 g/dL without transfusion or growth factor support within 7 days of the first dose of study drug
    3. Platelet count ≥ 50 x 10^9/L without transfusion support within 7 days of the first dose of study drug (for MM patients); or platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L or ≥ 50 x 10^9/L if bone marrow involvement independent of transfusion support in either (for AL amyloidosis patients).
  6. Adequate hepatic and renal function defined as:

    1. AST and ALT < 3 x upper limit of normal (ULN)
    2. Creatinine clearance >30 mL/min (for MM patients); or Creatinine ≤3 mg/dL and CrCL ≥25 ml/min using the Cockcroft-Gault formula (for AL amyloidosis patients)
    3. Bilirubin< 1.5 x ULN (Except if considered secondary to Gilbert's syndrome and primarily indirect bilirubinemia)
  7. PT/INR ≤2 x ULN and PTT (or aPTT) ≤2 x ULN
  8. Female subjects who are of non-reproductive potential (i.e., post-menopausal by history: no menses for ≥2 year; or history of hysterectomy; or history of bilateral tubal ligation; or history of bilateral oophorectomy). Female subjects of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test upon study entry.
  9. Male and female subjects who agree to use highly effective methods of birth control (e.g., condoms, implants, injectables, combined oral contraceptives, some intrauterine devices[IUDs], sexual abstinence, or sterilized partner) during the period of therapy and for 90 days after the last dose of study drug
  10. Ability to complete questionnaire(s) by themselves or with assistance (For AL amyloidosis patients only)

Exclusion

  1. MM patients with newly diagnosed MM, previously untreated for MM or only had been treated with localized palliative treatment or steroids less than equivalent of dexamethasone 40 mg daily for 4 days). AL amyloidosis patients with AL amyloidosis have not been treated with any systemic therapy, or AL amyloidosis clinically overt multiple myeloma i.e. original CRAB criteria. Extent of marrow plasmacytosis is not prohibitive.
  2. Subject has received antineoplastic therapy within 2 weeks before the date of initiating study treatment
  3. Subject has previously received an allogenic stem cell transplant (regardless of timing)
  4. Subjects planning to undergo a stem cell transplant prior to progression of disease on this study, i.e., these subjects should not be enrolled in order to reduce disease burden prior to transplant.
  5. BCL-2-directed therapy within 4 weeks of initiating study treatment. (BCL-2 directed therapy more than 4 weeks before initiation of study treatment is allowed).
  6. For Arm A/C only: The subjects show evidence of intolerance to pomalidomide, which is defined as subjects discontinued due to any AEs related to prior pomalidomide treatment
  7. For Arm B only: The subjects show evidence of intolerance to daratumumab or lenalidomide, which is defined as subjects discontinued due to any AEs related to prior daratumumab or lenalidomide treatment
  8. Patients with any uncontrolled active systemic infection, including but not limited to active hepatitis B or C virus infection, known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive
  9. Subject has peripheral neuropathy ≥grade 3 except caused by AL amyloidosis
  10. Subject has plasma cell leukemia (>2.0*10^9/L circulating plasma cells by standard differential) or Waldenström's macroglobulinemia or POEMS syndrome (polyneuropathy, organomegaly, endocrinopathy, monoclonal protein, and skin changes)
  11. Plasmapheresis <35 days prior to the initiation of study drug
  12. Failure to have fully recovered (i.e., ≤ Grade 1 toxicity) from the reversible effects of prior treatment for MM or AL amyloidosis
  13. Unable to swallow tablets or malabsorption syndrome, disease significantly affecting gastrointestinal function, or resection of the stomach or small bowel, symptomatic inflammatory bowel disease or ulcerative colitis, or partial or complete bowel obstruction
  14. Currently active, clinically significant cardiovascular disease, such as uncontrolled arrhythmia (including Frederica corrected QT interval (QTc) ≥470 msec ) or Class 3 or 4 congestive heart failure as defined by the New York Heart Association Functional Classification; or a history of myocardial infarction, unstable angina, or acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to initiating study treatment
  15. Major surgical procedure within ≤14 days prior to initiating study treatment, or anticipation of the need for major surgery during the course of the study treatment, radiotherapy ≤14 days prior to initiating study treatment, systemic treatment within 14 days before the first dose of APG-2575
  16. Recent infection requiring systemic treatment that was completed ≤14 days before the first dose of study drug
  17. Vaccinated with live, attenuated vaccines within 4 weeks of initiation of APG-2575 (for patients' safety, patients could receive COVID-19 vaccination before or during study period as judged by HCP as beneficial)
  18. Subject has any concurrent or recent malignancy ≤ 1 year prior to registration with the exception of: basal or squamous cell skin cancer, any carcinoma in situ. NOTE: If there is a history or prior malignancy, they must not be receiving other specific treatment for their cancer.
  19. Requires treatment with a strong cytochrome P450 (CYP) 3A inhibitor
  20. Known bleeding disorders (e.g., von Willebrand's disease) or hemophilia
  21. History of stroke or intracranial hemorrhage within 6 months prior to enrollment
  22. Any other condition or circumstance that would, in the opinion of the investigator, make the patient unsuitable for participation in the study

Inclusion

  • You are able to swallow medication by mouth.
  • You have had treatment but your cancer has gotten worse or has not responded to the treatment you have been given.
  • You have had treatment, but your cancer has come back.

Exclusion

  • You have certain types of non-cancer medical conditions.
  • You have had certain treatments, surgical procedures or drugs.
Message

Clinical trials have complex eligibility criteria.

Ask your doctor if this trial could be right for you.

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