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Pembrolizumab With Chemoradiotherapy as Treatment for Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Australian & New Zealand Urogenital and Prostate Cancer Trials Group Limited (ANZUP)
This study will enrol patients with maximally resected (via transurethral resection (TURBT) non-metastatic muscle invasive bladder cancer, who either wish to attempt bladder preservation therapy or are ineligible for cystectomy. Patients must have adequate organ function and performance status to receive cisplatin based chemoradiotherapy, and no contraindications to the use of pembrolizumab. The study will enrol 30 patients to be treated with pembrolizumab and radiotherapy.
All patients will be planned to be treated with 64Gy of radiation therapy in 32 fractions over 6 weeks and 2 days. All patients will receive cisplatin 35mg/m2 IV concurrently weekly with radiation therapy for 6 doses total. Pembrolizumab will commence concurrently with radiation and be given 200mg IV every 21 days, continuing until the 12 week cystoscopy and assessment.
Surveillance cystoscopy will be performed 12 weeks after the commencement of chemoradiotherapy, and assess the rate of complete response to therapy. A safety follow up visit will occur 4 and 12 weeks post cystoscopy. From week 31 survival follow up will commence with clinical assessment, cystoscopy and CT staging performed at intervals until 5 years.
The objective of the study is to assess the safety and feasibility of combining pembrolizumab with chemoradiotherapy. The primary endpoint assessed will be safety, as defined by a satisfactorily low rate of unacceptable toxicity (G3-4 adverse events or failure of completion of planned chemotherapy and radiotherapy according to defined parameters). The secondary endpoint will be efficacy, as assessed by complete response rate of the primary tumour at first post chemoradiotherapy cystoscopic assessment. Exploratory analysis will include assessment of tumour histopathological, molecular, genetic and immunological parameters.
It is expected that it will take two years to accrue the required 30 patients.