SummaryAll participants who enrol in this study will have a bone marrow sample taken and assessed to determine whether they are have high risk or standard risk disease. These details will then be used to allocate participants for 'induction' therapy, to either standard of care treatment (consisting of bortezomib, lenalidomide and dexamethasone), or standard of care treatment with added selinexor. This is a risk-adaptive approach to treatment, meaning your treatment is guided by the results of your myeloma risk profile.
Participants will continue with their allocated treatments for 4-5 months. After this time, all participants will then undergo preparation for an autologous stem cell transplant, where healthy stem cells will be harvested from each participant and expanded externally, before being re-implanted back to stimulate further stem cell growth.
At 5-6 months after the transplant, all participants will be required to provide a second bone marrow sample to undergo a second test to check how they are responding to treatment and assess if there is a very small but detectable number of myeloma cells. For standard risk patients, if there isn't any detectable myeloma cells, you will continue treatment with only lenalidomide. If there are detectable cells, you will be given lenalidomide and selinexor. High-risk patients will be given lenalidomide and selinexor regardless of the results. This is called 'maintenance' therapy.
Participants will then continue taking their second allocation of medications for maintenance until the treatments are no longer effective. This could range from months to years. Further bone marrow samples will be required at 6 and 12 months after commencing maintenance treatment to test for detectable myeloma cells. The trial is intended to run over 4-5 years. You will be asked to complete short questionnaires about your multiple myeloma treatment and your health-related quality of life every month prior to the transplant, and about 4-5 months after the transplant and within 12 months after commencing maintenance therapy.
Use the hyperlinks, where available to access additional clinical trial information.
Australasian Myeloma Research Consortium
Investigating the efficacy of Risk Directed front-line therapy for Multiple Myeloma incorporating Selinexor: The RIDDLE-M-X trial